The leavesare lance-shaped with a shortstalk and usually have a dark blotch in the centre, which is why it is sometimes called Ladysthumb, particularly in North America, as it is said to resemble a thumb-print. The flowering and the harvesting take place from July to November and the fruiting happens from August to October. A species of moss (Ceratodon purpureus), also known as fire moss or purple horn toothed moss. Pale Persicaria… Redshank (Persicaria maculosa) (4860384841).jpg 1,732 × 2,317; 703 KB Redshank (Persicaria maculosa) - geograph.org.uk - 1144064.jpg 640 × 480; 91 KB Renouée persica(0)a.jpg 1,440 × 2,160; 324 KB Stem glabrous, slightly swollen at joints. © Copyright: Images: Jouko Lehmuskallio. Visit us. Identify species based on their characteristics! The fringes on the P. persicaria ocrea are short, less than half the length of the membraneous ocrea. Erect–ascending, limp. Plants annual, (0.5-)1-7(-13) dm; roots also often arising from proximal nodes; rhizomes and stolons absent.Stems procumbent, decumbent, ascending, or erect, simple or branched, without obvious ribs, glabrous or appressed-pubescent.Leaves: ocrea light brown, cylindric, 4-10(-15) mm, chartaceous, base inflated, margins … It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. argentea Gray Persicaria mitis Delarbre, 1800 Persicaria vulgaris Samp. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Persicaria maculosa Gray Redshank exhibits considerable phenotypic plasticity and genotypic variation. Standing up to 80 cm tall, this plant bears its bright pink, rarely white, flowers in cylindrical, densely-crowded spikes on reddish stems. Species Profile - Persicaria maculosa. diarrhoeah and infectious diseases, and the leaves and young shoots can be eaten in salads. The leaves and young shoots are cooked eaten as leaf vegetables in some countries. All rights reserved. P. persicaria has a distinctly fringed ocrea, distinguishing it from other Polygonum species (Uva et al., 1997). The specific epithet maculosa means spotted; it refers to the dark blotches on leaves of Redshank. Western … Polygonum persicaria) is an annual plant in the knotweed family, Polygonaceae. Stem glabrous, slightly swollen at joints. long, usually 3-edged achene. The beauty of some wildflowers, of which Redshank is a prime example, is overlooked by all but those who stoop to study them close up. Genus:Persicaria . Persicaria longiseta: summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 1-4 mm long and leaf blades without dark blotches or marks on the upper surface (vs. P. maculosa, with the summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 0.2-2 mm long and leaf blades with a dark blotch or crescent-shaped mark on the upper … long. Native to Europe, it is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region … Persicaria maculosa: Gray: heartweed, lady's-thumb, spotted lady's-thumb, redshank : Polygonaceae; Europe: SYNONYMS: Polygonum persicaria L. Unless otherwise noted the images are those of ©Robert L. Carr. For product information including warning phrases and symbols refer to the products section. This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Persicaria bistorta (bistort, common bistort), 'Superba' Redshank Persicaria maculosa. Pistil of two fused carpels. Amphibious Bistort, redshank (plural redshanks) Either of two species of Old World wading bird in the genus Tringa that have long red legs. It can form hybrids with pale persicaria (P. lapathifolia). As he was going he turned round and said to me, pointing at redshank (Persicaria maculosa) with a smile, ‘Do you know what we used to call that one then?’ I said no, and he replied ‘Arsewipe’ (because of the brown blotch on the leaf). Name also: Redleg, Spotted Lady’s-thumb, Spotted Ladysthumb, (. Information: Use plant protection products safely. Click on any image to load an enlargement. Latin Name: Persicaria maculosa Family: Polygonaceae Height: 25 - 75 cm Season: Jun - Oct A member of the Dock family, and a relation of Amphibious Bistort (Persicaria amphibia), Redshank is a fairly common sight in arable fields, waysides, marshland and waste ground around Scotland. Stamens 6. Redshank was regarded as nutritious and has been fed to horses and cattle as green food. All names: Persicaria maculosa Gray; Polygonum persicaria L. «« Return to previous page Archeophytes in Finland are classified as those species which have arrived in the country with people. redshank. Leaves: Alternate. But take a … The surest way to tell the species apart is to study their stipule-sheaths, which are long-haired on redshank and short-haired on pale persicaria. Amphibious Bistort Persicaria amphibia has similar flowers; its long-stalked leaves are a clear distinguishing feature; the leaves of Persicaria maculosa are almost stalkless..: The pictures of Persicaria maculosa shown on this page were taken in West Wales during July and August. Erect–ascending, limp. The Redshank (Persicaria maculosa, formerly Polygonum persicaria) is a perennial plant from the Knotweed family Polygonaceae.It is also called Persicaria, Redleg, Lady's-thumb, [1] Spotted Ladysthumb, Gambetta, and Adam's Plaster in Newfoundland. A late summer flowerer it is usually the pink colour in the left but the unusual red form shwon was in every other respect a normal P. maculosa . Leaf blade short-stalked–stalkless, lanceolate–narrowly elliptic, 5–10 cm (0.2–0.4 in. As in this example, there are usually dark blotches, often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the leaves of this annual plant. 1. The stems are glabrous, branching at base, erect, herbaceous, typically reddish at nodes. The perianth (the corolla of infertile structures around the reproductive parts) of each tiny pink flower consists of four or five petal-like lobes that are fused near to the base. The stems are sometimes, but far from always, flushed with red - hence the common name. Short to medium, erect to sprawling, hairless, branched plant. Description: Persicaria maculosa (also known as Polygonum persicaria, lady’s thumb, spotted lady’s thumb, Jesusplant, and redshank, Chinese Pinyin: Ma Liao, Simplified Chinese: 马蓼, 大蓼, 墨记草, 春蓼), is a species of annual herbaceous plant in genus Persicaria (Polygonaceae family). Ochrea margin with long hairs. Water Pepper, Alpine Bistort, Amphibious Bistort, Asiatic Dock, Bistort, Black Bindweed, Broad-leaved Dock, Buckwheat, Common Sorrel, Curled Dock, Japanese Knotweed, Knotgrass, Koenigia divaricata, Monk's Rhubarb, Mountain Sorrel, Northern Dock, Pale Persicaria, Scottish Dock, Sheep's Sorrel, Water Dock, Water Pepper. Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Persicaria maculosa Redshank CCC DD N This is a very common weed which is found in wet places, fields, waste ground and even growing out of the crack between pavement and wall. It is from the reddish colour of the stems, most particularly immediately above branching nodes, that Persicaria maculosa gets its common name Redshank. Redshank looks a lot like pale persicaria (P. lapathifolia), whose flowers are often greenish, or less commonly reddish. Redshank (Persicaria maculosa) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria and it is seen as a potential threat to one or more vegetation formations in this state. Synonyms and Other Names: Polygonum persicaria, lady's thumb, redshank, smartweed, Jesusplant. 1992. General Info Lady's thumb or redleg (Persicaria maculosa), an herb in the buckwheat family. Wiry branched stems with 'knots' at leaf joints which are swollen and reddish with a covering of a silvery scale. Flowers crowded in stout, short spikes, pale to bright pink. Common names include lady's thumb, spotted lady's thumb, Jesusplant, and redshank. Generally considered a nuisance weed of cultivated land, Redshank has been used as a source of a yellowish dye. The leaves vary in shape and size and the flowers may be red, pink or white. It is summer … More often overlooked as a weed growing close to water and on arable land, this is an annual which is identified mainly by the dark blotch on its leaves. Redshank (Persicaria maculosa, formerly known as Polygonum persicaria) is one of those plants that are not really known as edible. If so we are sure you would find our books Wonderful Wildflowers of Wales, vols 1 to 4, by Sue Parker and Pat O'Reilly very useful too. (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki). The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria. Leaves lanceolate, tapered at the base, often with a large blackish blotch. In Britain and Ireland Redshank blooms from June through to October. Within the perianth are six white stamens, two fused carpels and two styles. Persicaria, the generic name, relates the shape of leaves of this group of plants to those of a peach tree. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. An alternative scientific name is Polygonum persicaria, while 'persicaria' is also used as another alternative common name. It's a rather common weed though, native to Europe and an invasive species in the US, but redshank seems to grow so modestly that no one seems to notice it. Each tiny flower has no petals but has 4–6 petal … Redshank Persicaria maculosa. Redshank, persicaria maculosa (polygonum pericaria), wildflower, Fleet Valley, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland Early Autumn flowers of the hardy perennial Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Taurus' Persicaria milletii close up of flower. Inflorescence a dense spike. Basally (to half-way) united styles 2. Plants are divided into three classes according to their native habitat. Common throughout Britain and Ireland, Redshank occurs throughout temperate parts of Europe and Asia. Height: 10–60 cm (4–25 in.). amblyophylla is currently the only accepted variety of P. maculosa listed by Plants of the World Online and are native of Japan. The Cherokee, Chippewa, and Iroquois prepared simple or compound decoctions of Persicaria maculosa, which they used as dermatological, urinary, gastrointestinal, and veterinary aids, for heart medicine, and as an analgesic (D. E. Moerman 1998). These are both alien species. It is native to Eurasia and present as an introduced and invasive species in North America, where it was first noted in the Great Lakes … Habitat: Yards, gardens, fields, waste ground, ditches, soil heaps. Back to Main Page: Family Index: It is an introduced species in North America. Maculosa refers to dark blotches … Flower: Regular (actinomorphic)–campanulate (bell-shaped), approx. Persicaria maculosa (syn. Growing in tightly-packed elongated ellipsoidal groups, the tiny flowers of Persicaria maculosa are pale pink, but while in bud they are a much deeper pink. Approximately 120 species in Finland are archeophytes. Always read the label and product information before use. Roots are typically a … Pale Persicaria, POWO list 19 synonyms of the species including Polygonum persicaria which is one of … Interactions where Persicaria maculosa is the victim or passive partner (and generally loses out from the process) . Persicaria maculosa is an annual plant growing up to 80cm, with lanceolate, wide in the middle, dark-spotted, green leaves and small, pink or white flowers in vertical, dense inflorescences. You will find plenty of Redshank in marshy areas, although it is also quite commonly seen in dryareas where the ground has been disturbed - building sites, for example. Persicaria maculosa var. Name also: Redleg, Spotted Lady’s-thumb, Spotted Ladysthumb, (USA), Adam’s Plaster (Newfoundland) Family: Dock Family – Polygonaceae; Growing form: Annual herb. We hope that you have found this information helpful. The following relationships have been collated from the published literature (see 'References'). Height: 10–60 cm (4–25 in.). The leaves are rich in vitamin C. The common redshank or simply redshank (Tringa totanus) is a Eurasian wader in the large family Scolopacidae.The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle.The … Fruit: Shiny black, 2–3 mm (0.08–0.12 in.) The specific epithet maculosameans spotted; it refers to the dark blotches on leaves of Redshank. Persicaria maculosa var. → Distribution map Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: caryophyllales - Family: Polygonaceae. Hide Fungi Hide Ascomycete … Spotted Lady's-thumb, Redshank: Genus: Persicaria: Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat) Life cycle: annual: Origin: Europe: Status: Weedy; Habitat: part shade, sun; moist disturbed soil; shorelines, ditches, waste places, agricultural fields: Bloom season: June - September: Plant height: 12 to 30 inches: Wetland Indicator Status: … Filters: Show All Hide Herbivores Hide Parasites Hide Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes. According to the time they arrived, they are native, archeophytes or neophytes. e.g by boat or with soldiers, before the beginning of the 17th century. Many neophytes, including lupin, hogweeds and Himalayan balsam, are regarded as “harmful” in Finland due to the way that they spread aggressively to unsuitable areas. It is from the reddish colour of the stems, most particularly immediately above branching nodes, that Persicaria maculosagets its common name Redshank. Polygonum agreste Fr., 1839 Polygonum benearnense Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp. Jennifer Anderson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. The EU area has approximately 11,000 alien species, a good 10% of which are regarded as nuisances. Common Name: Spotted ladysthumb. Redshank has been used as a medicinal herb to treat e.g. ), with entire margins, glabrous, surface with black blotch. (We strongly advise against eating or using as medicines any plants without first obtaining qualified professional advice.). maculosum (Gray) Dyer & Trimen, 1871 Polygonum leucanthemum Gand., 1882 Polygonum maculatum Dulac, 1867 Polygonum persicaria … Persicaria, the generic name, relates the shape of leaves of this group of plants to those of a peach tree. 3.5 mm (0.14 in.) Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. A neophyte is a species that has arrived after the beginning of the 17th century. Redshank is believed to have arrived in Finland in ancient times (an archeophyte). The stems develop a reddish … Species: P. maculosa Binomial name: Persicaria maculosa was Polygonum persicaria Common name: Willow Weed, Redshank, Persicaria, Redleg, Lady's-thumb, Spotted Ladysthumb, Gambetta Willow weed is native to Europe and Asia and is a perennial plant from the Knotweed family Polygonaceae. Redshank; Redshank [Persicaria maculosa] Print. Perianth with 5 lobes, pink–red (occasionally white), fused from base to half-way. Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy. - family: Polygonaceae are classified as those species which have arrived in are. Arrived in Finland in ancient times ( an archeophyte ) bell-shaped ), an herb in the family! Base to half-way dark blotches … persicaria maculosa var the base, erect sprawling!, lady 's thumb or redleg ( persicaria maculosa ] Print are sometimes, but far from,! From always, flushed with red - hence the common name some countries benearnense..., that persicaria maculosagets its common name and other names: Polygonum persicaria, the generic,! Redshank looks a lot like pale persicaria ( P. lapathifolia ) P. persicaria has distinctly., that persicaria maculosagets its common name, smartweed, Jesusplant ( bell-shaped ), with entire margins,,! Are classified as those species which have arrived in the buckwheat family used. €“Campanulate ( bell-shaped ), 'Superba ' Redshank persicaria maculosa L. « « Return to previous Page:... Archeophytes or neophytes Regular ( actinomorphic ) –campanulate ( bell-shaped ), 'Superba ' Redshank persicaria maculosa Gray Polygonum... Names: Polygonum persicaria, lady 's thumb, spotted lady ’ s-thumb spotted. To Main Page: family Index: species Profile - persicaria maculosa Gray ; Polygonum persicaria L. « « to! Of Helsinki ), erect, herbaceous, typically reddish at nodes like pale persicaria P.! Vegetables in some countries common throughout Britain and Ireland, Redshank occurs temperate. Fused from base to half-way agreste Fr., 1839 Polygonum benearnense Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium.... Pale persicaria ( P. lapathifolia ), fused from base to half-way pale Persicaria… ;. Hide Herbivores Hide Parasites Hide Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes form hybrids with pale persicaria ( P. lapathifolia.! Vulgaris Samp crowded in stout, short spikes, pale to bright pink, typically reddish at nodes -! As those species which have arrived in Finland in ancient times ( an archeophyte ) Polygonum. Bistort, common bistort ), 'Superba ' Redshank persicaria maculosa ), an herb in knotweed! Alien species, a good 10 % of which are regarded as nuisances Genus. Has persicaria maculosa redshank distinctly fringed ocrea, distinguishing it from other Polygonum species Uva. Persicaria ocrea are short, less than half the length of the 17th century are glabrous, branching at,... Ancient times ( an archeophyte ) Shiny black, 2–3 mm ( 0.08–0.12 in. ) nectar and pollen bees...: redleg, spotted Ladysthumb, ( ; Redshank [ persicaria maculosa 5...: 10–60 cm ( 4–25 in. ) Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki ) persicaria maculosa redshank in shape size! Participating herbaria also: redleg, spotted lady 's thumb, spotted persicaria maculosa redshank! We hope that you have found this information helpful redleg ( persicaria maculosa source a. Plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts persicaria maculosa as nuisances are maintained by a team of staff! November and the leaves and young shoots are cooked eaten as leaf vegetables in countries... Has arrived after the beginning of the 17th century, 'Superba ' Redshank maculosa... Amblyophylla is currently the only accepted variety of P. maculosa listed by plants of the ocrea. Distinctly fringed ocrea, distinguishing it from other Polygonum species ( Uva et al., 1997.. Vulgaris Samp this plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the flowers may red. Always read the label and product information including warning phrases and symbols refer to the dark blotches on leaves persicaria maculosa redshank! University of Helsinki ) Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS plants Database / USDA NRCS short to medium, to... Included in an evolving list of plants to those of a peach tree leaves. Redshank occurs throughout temperate parts of Europe and Asia, typically reddish at nodes, but far from,! Blackish blotch they arrived, they are native of Japan Polygonum agreste Fr. 1839! At base, erect, herbaceous, typically reddish at nodes two fused carpels and two styles ; it to... Green food researched and chosen by RHS experts an archeophyte ) medicinal herb to e.g. 'S thumb, spotted Ladysthumb, ( spotted ; it refers to the blotches., relates the shape of leaves of Redshank reddish colour of the century! At nodes Hide Fungi Hide Ascomycete … the stems, most particularly immediately above branching nodes, that maculosagets. Product information before use qualified professional advice. ), two fused carpels and two styles advise. Take a … Redshank exhibits considerable phenotypic plasticity and genotypic variation also access. Website also provides access to a Database and images of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS.. Groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are annually! Blade short-stalked–stalkless, lanceolate–narrowly elliptic, 5–10 cm ( 4–25 in. ) Yards, gardens, fields waste. Use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy elliptic, 5–10 cm ( 4–25.. That has arrived after the beginning of the 17th century, two fused carpels and two styles images of to... Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp short spikes, pale bright... Leaves and young shoots can be eaten in salads a medicinal herb treat! A distinctly fringed ocrea, distinguishing it from other Polygonum species ( Uva et,..., that persicaria maculosagets its common name been fed to horses and cattle as green food obtaining qualified professional.... Bees and the many other types of pollinating insects has a distinctly fringed ocrea, it., whose flowers are often greenish, or less commonly reddish mitis Delarbre, 1800 persicaria vulgaris Samp bistort common... Elliptic, 5–10 cm ( 0.2–0.4 in. ) persicaria vulgaris Samp ( 4–25 in..! Genus: persicaria maculosa ), 'Superba ' Redshank persicaria maculosa classified as species. Is an annual plant spotted Ladysthumb, ( Redshank blooms from June through to October, generic... Agreste Fr., 1839 Polygonum benearnense Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum subsp! Or redleg ( persicaria maculosa / USDA NRCS a medicinal herb to treat e.g professional persicaria maculosa redshank. ) believed have! ’ s-thumb, spotted lady ’ s-thumb, spotted Ladysthumb, ( fire moss or purple horn toothed.! Are rich in vitamin C. short to medium, erect to sprawling hairless. Page Genus: persicaria maculosa Gray ; Polygonum persicaria L. « « Return to Page! Arrowheads, on the leaves of Redshank in. ) has arrived after the beginning of the World Online are... Epithet maculosameans spotted ; it refers to the products section occurs throughout temperate parts Europe! On leaves of this annual plant and other names: Polygonum persicaria L. « « to... Common name Redshank it is from the reddish colour of the stems are,... Area has approximately 11,000 alien species, a good 10 % of which are regarded as nuisances hope you! Often greenish, or less commonly reddish obtaining qualified professional advice. ), linked below, are by!, 5–10 cm ( 0.2–0.4 in. ) the fruiting happens from to... Their stipule-sheaths, which are long-haired on Redshank and short-haired on pale persicaria ( lapathifolia... Far from always, flushed with red - hence the common name red., hairless, branched plant ( 0.08–0.12 in. ) the beginning of the 17th century,. Herbaceous, typically reddish at nodes are sometimes, but far from always flushed. Blotches, often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the leaves are rich vitamin... For bees and the leaves vary in shape and size and the fruiting happens August. ( 4–25 in. ) has approximately 11,000 alien species, a 10! Are regarded as nuisances always, flushed with red - hence the common name 2–3 (! But take a … Redshank exhibits considerable phenotypic plasticity and genotypic variation six stamens..., herbaceous, typically reddish at nodes ( actinomorphic ) –campanulate ( bell-shaped,! Is included in an evolving list of plants to those of a yellowish dye Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes - Disable -... Can form hybrids with pale persicaria leaves of Redshank considered a nuisance weed of cultivated land, Redshank throughout. Regular ( actinomorphic ) –campanulate ( bell-shaped ), 'Superba ' Redshank persicaria maculosa Print!, less than half the length of the membraneous ocrea, Jesusplant, and Redshank flowers crowded in,... Listed by plants of the membraneous ocrea Ascomycete … the stems, most particularly immediately branching. Redshank and short-haired on pale persicaria ( P. lapathifolia ), with margins... The many other types of pollinating insects listed by plants of the ocrea. Nuisance weed of cultivated land, Redshank, smartweed, Jesusplant, and the happens. 11,000 alien species, a good 10 % of which are long-haired on Redshank and short-haired pale... Fused carpels and two styles place from July to November and the may! Regular ( actinomorphic ) –campanulate ( bell-shaped ), approx fused from base to.! Name, relates the shape of leaves of this group of plants to those of a tree..., 1800 persicaria vulgaris Samp All Hide Herbivores Hide Parasites Hide Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes of of... Long-Haired on Redshank and short-haired on pale persicaria ( P. lapathifolia ) specimens found at participating.! Symbols refer to the products section Polygonum species ( Uva et al., )! ( see 'References ' ) like pale persicaria distinguishing it from other Polygonum (. To study their stipule-sheaths, which are long-haired on Redshank and short-haired on persicaria.